Andiroba – Hardwood lumber products

Andiroba - Hardwood lumber products

Andiroba – (Carapa Guianensis Aubl)

Also known as Cedro-Macho and Crabwood among other names, this wood is of medium density and texture and is moderately easy to work with. Found in the northern region of Brazil and Maranhão, the tree reaches heights from 30m to 50m and diameters from 50cm to 180cm.

Common Name:

crabwood, royal mahogany, krappa, figueroa, carapote, carapa, camacari, masabalo

Botanical Name:

(Carapa Guianensis Aubl)

Indigenous to:

Central and South America

Modulus of Rupture:

15,580 lbf/in2 (107.4 MPa)


Radial: 3.1%, Tangential: 7.6%, Volumetric: 10.4%, T/R Ratio: 2.5

How is it dried:

Info coming soon

Is it dried quickly:

No – Normal/Slow


Moderately Stable

Exterior Wood Recommendation:

Use class ensured by natural durability: class 4 – in ground or fresh water contact
Species covering the use class 5: Yes This species naturally covers the use class 5 (end-uses in marine environment or in brackish water) due to its high specific gravity and hardness.Against dry wood borer attacks: does not require any preservative treatment
In case of risk of temporary humidification: does not require any preservative treatment
In case of risk of permanent humidification: does not require any preservative treatment

Fastening Method:

Nailing / screwing: good but pre-drilling is necessary
Gluing: Yes
Note: Tends to split when nailing

Ecosystem impact:

No commercial restriction, Andiroba is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, however species found in equador Ecuador, Carapa megistocarpa, is listed as endangered.

Toxicity and allergic reactions:

Although severe reactions are uncommon, Andiroba has occasionally been reported to cause eye and skin irritation.


No characteristic odor.

Products we manufacture using this species:

decking, flooring

Other common uses:

Veneer both faces of plywood for furniture or furniture components
Cabinetwork (high end cabinetry) Typically as Sliced veneer
Exterior and Interior joinery
Interior panelling
Stairs (inside)
Light carpentry
Laminated Exterior panelling
Turned goods
Boxes and crates
*Note: Generally used as substitute for MAHOGANY (Swietenia spp.).

Susceptibility to

Dry Wood borers:

susceptible – sapwood not or slightly demarcated (risk in all the wood)


class 3-4 – moderately to poorly durable


class M – moderately durable


Class 1 – easily permeable

Janka Hardness:

  • 3190 lbf (29,290 N)